A long time ago in 327 BC Alexander of Macedon in sign of getting a new religion ate a banana in India. This important historical fact says that, firstly, bananas have been known for a long time, and secondly, they are not only known, but have also been revered, since they have been used in rituals and, thirdly, they are tasty. They came from Africa, where they had been cultivated two and a half thousand years before our era. Then they moved to South India.
Buddhist monks wrote about them as far back as in the 6th century BC. Four hundred years later, the first banana plantations appeared in China. In some countries, bananas are referred to as fruit of happiness – there are so many mysterious components in them increasing tone and mood. They are nice to eat with inflamed mucous membrane of the mouth, they are useful for people with stomach ulcers, liver and kidney diseases. American scientists claim that they strengthen the nervous system and have a beneficial effect on the skin. And in Japan, a real banana boom has begun after a series of publications that bananas prevent senility, improve eyesight and treat cancer. In the end, bananas are simply delicious. When buying bananas, remember that the ripest, and, therefore, the most delicious bananas are inside the banana bunch, and not outside.
The wholesale of not ripened bananas. Bananas are delivered by sea and ocean vessels with the help of powerful refrigerated vessels that maintain an optimum temperature at which the fruit is stored in a “mature stage” throughout the entire temporary transportation.
The temperature of the pulp of bananas during transportation should be at the level of 12-14°C. The condition of the batch upon arrival at the destination and the choice of the film into which the fruit is packed determine the shelf life. If the “high density” and “banavac” film has been used, the shelf life can be about 50 days. This is achieved during delivery and storage by modifying the medium with gas. The use of the “polypack” film can prevent deterioration of the product for 28 days from the time of gathering. Bananas are delivered to the consumer being ripened. To do this, special ripening rooms are used. The process of bananas after-ripening is stimulated by this. During the after-ripening process a number of changes occur in bananas: dense pulp is softened, the starch turns into sugar, a significant proportion of chlorophyll is decomposed, a yellow color is shown.